New Breakthrough in Solar Energy Application: Converting Carbon Dioxide into Fuel

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What is Molybdenum Carbide?

Molybdenum carburide is a refractory metal with a melting point of 2615, a density of 10.2 g/cm3, and excellent corrosion resistance. Molybdenum has a silver-white color and is a refractory material with a meltingpoint of 2615. The metal is also dense at 10.2 grams per cubic centimeter, and it has a low expansion coefficient. This is the same as special glass used in electronic tubes. Molybdenum oxidizes quickly above 600°C and is stable at room temperatures.

Molybdenum carbide as Fuel

According to media reports, the ingenious way plants convert light and oxygen into fuel has inspired many scientists. Today, photosynthesis is the basis for solving the carbon dioxide problem. Researchers from Linkoping University have developed a method to use solar power to convert CO2 into fuel. A photoelectrode was created, covered with a layer graphene. Graphene has been widely promoted as a material that can generate charge carriers and capture solar energy. They then convert water and carbon dioxide into methane and carbon monoxide.

Carbon Dioxide into Hydrocarbons

The latest evidence that many environmental initiatives are working to find new ways to utilize carbon dioxide is this. Even the Paris Agreement is aiming to do so. The momentum continues to grow, which could lead to more technological breakthroughs. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, along with the University of Southern California, announced earlier this year that they had created a catalyst that could make hydrogenation – a cheaper process than the conversion of CO2 into hydrocarbons.

Nanotechnology and Molybdenum-Carbide Catalyst

Their catalyst adds nanoparticles to molybdenum carburide using nanotechnology. Molybdenum-carbon carbide, a metal and carbon complex, has a variety of uses, such as the conversion of CO2 into carbon monoxide to produce chemicals and the conversion of hydrocarbons. Cost is an important factor in any project that aims to utilize the CO2 we emit into the air. Carbon capture technology for instance is costly. Many people think this technology will not be affordable or a viable way to reduce global emissions on a large-scale.

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