The Property And Application of Bismuth Powder

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What property does bismuth Powder have?

Bismuth powder

Metal bismuth is a metal with a silvery white (pink) to light yellow luster. It has brittle and easily crushed properties. Metal bismuth, a metal that has a silvery white to light yellow luster and is brittle is easily crushed.Bismuth occurs in nature as oxide bismuth dioxide (Bi2O3) or sulfide-bismuthite (Bi2S3). Bismuth loess is also formed from oxidation bismuthite or other bismuth containing sulfides. Because bismuth’s melting point is low, it can easily be reduced with charcoal.

Bismuth trioxide can be produced when bismuth powder, heated above melting point, emits a light-blue flame. Bismuth powder can also be mixed with sulfur and halogen when red hot. Bismuth powder does not dissolve in water, and it is also insoluble in nonoxidizing acids like hydrochloric. Even concentrated hydrochloric or sulfuric acid reacts only slightly upon heating. But it is soluble when heated with aqua regia, and in concentrated nitric and sulfuric acid.

What is bismuth Powder Application?


Metallurgical additives

A small amount bismuth can be added to steel to improve its processing, while a smaller amount can also be added to malleable casting iron to give it properties similar to stainless steel.


Bi-based low melting temperature fusible alloy

For cold stamping, thin metal plates are formed using an alloy of bismuth and tin. The alloy can be reused many times because the temperature is no lower than that of the steel mould.

Electric appliances, safety device, automatic device indicators, etc., are all made from a low melting point alloy composed of bismuth, aluminum, tin cadmium and indium.


Medical Treatment

The astringent action of bismuth medicines is used for surgery to treat hemostasis and trauma.


Use of bismuth as flame retardant

Bi203, among flame retardant chemicals, has a greater effect than Sb203. It is also non-toxic and safe. The smoke that is produced during combustion can be extremely harmful and has no effect on the stability of flame retardant products.


Use of Bismuth in Chemical Industry

Bismuth Yellow pigment is made from a combination of bismuth vanadate (bismuth oxide) and bismuth mollybdate. It can be used as a substitute for lead, cadmium or other pigments. It has excellent surface resistance against chemical corrosion. It also has a strong adhesion, bright color and a good surface. It is difficult to fade and fall off.


Electronic ceramics

Electronic ceramics with bismuth powder are used as a scintillation material in devices such as nuclear detectors, x ray level scanners (level scans), electro-optics and piezoelectrical lasers.



Air conditioners and refrigerators are assembled using high-purity powders of bismuth combined with tellurium and other elements such as selenium and antimony. Artificial bismuth can be used as a photoresistor in photovoltaics devices, and to increase the sensitivity on the visible spectrum.

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