Talk about the past and present life of carbon nanotubes and graphene

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Are carbon nanotubes graphene?
Both graphene, and carbon nanotubes, are made from carbon atoms. Graphene is a one-layer graphite layer, the most fundamental structural unit in graphite. Carbon nanotubes are made by curling graphene. Carbon nanotubes, which are made up of hexagonal tubes of several tens layers of carbon atoms, are formed by arranging the atoms in hexagons. Carbon nanotubes look like graphene (a hexagonal lattice made of carbon) that has been rolled into cylindrical form. Both graphene (a hexagonal lattice of carbon) and carbon nanotubes are characterized by extraordinary mechanical and electrical properties.

Research on carbon nanotubes, as it stands, has reached an advanced level in terms of technology for preparation, performance characterization, and application exploration. Due to their close connection, both research methods have similarities. Carbon nanotube research was the original inspiration for many graphene-related research methods.

What is different between carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphene?

Graphene can be described as a two dimensional material. It is a graphite layer with hexagonal honeycomb-like lattice of carbon atoms. Carbon nanotubes consist of hollow cylinders. They are basically a graphene layer rolled up into a cylindrical shape. Both are representative of two-dimensional nanomaterials (2D) as well as one-dimensional (1D).

From a structural perspective, carbon nanotubes represent a carbon crystal with a one dimensional structure. Graphene, on the other hand, is a pure two dimensional structure composed of just a single carbon layer.

From a performance perspective, graphene exhibits properties that are comparable to or superior to those of carbon nanotubes. These include high electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity; high carrier mobility; free-electron space and high strength and rigidity.

According to the number layers, they are divided into single walled carbon nanotubes and multiple-walled graphite nanotubes. The single-walled carbon Nanotubes are also available. Layer graphene or graphene microplatelets.

Is graphene stronger or carbon nanotubes

Both graphite and carbon nanotubes are graphite in essence. But the arrangement and combinations of carbon atoms differ, creating spiral carbon nanotubes or sheet-shaped graphene. They both share some graphite characteristics.
In the long-term, graphene has a superior ability to transfer its mechanical and strength properties to the host materials than carbon nanotubes. Although graphene has achieved similar results to carbon nanotubes in current research, on the long-term, its unique two-dimensional shape and application have greater advantages for becoming “next generation semiconductor material”.

Graphene and carbon-nanotubes may have had a similar past, but they will likely have a very different future. The dispute between two-dimensional and three-dimensional material is the primary cause. Nanotubes and nanowires often have a disadvantage compared to thin-film material. As an example, carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes can be considered as single crystals with high aspect ratios. The current synthesis technology and assembly techniques cannot create carbon nanotubes of macroscopic size, limiting their use in the carbon industry. The graphene structure is two-dimensional and has several properties that are unmatched (strength; electrical conductivity; heat conduction). It can also grow in an area of a great deal. Combining bottom-up with top-down can lead to exciting future applications.

How does graphene convert into carbon nanotubes

For carbon nanotubes to be formed, graphene and the carbon atoms are manipulated into a thin plate that is then rolled up into a tube. The graphene sheets that are used to produce nanotubes have a two-dimensional structure because graphene has only one atom thickness.
New graphene and carbon nanotube catalyst can ignite a clean-energy revolution

Researchers have developed promising graphene/carbon nanotube catalysers to better control chemical reactions important for the production of hydrogen fuel.

Hydrogen fuel economy will be based on cheap, efficient fuel cells and electrolyzers. This is one the most promising clean alternatives to fossil fuels. The electrocatalysts that are used in these devices make them work. Developing low-cost, efficient catalysts will be crucial for making hydrogen fuel an affordable alternative. Researchers from Aalto University created a new kind of catalyst material for these technologies.

The team, in collaboration with CNRS, created a graphene-carbon nantube hybrid that is highly porous and contains single atoms known to act as catalysts. Graphene (CNT) and carbon nanotubes are allotropes of the carbon atom-thick, which can be found in two-dimensional or one-dimensional forms. Carbon nanotubes and graphene are more popular than traditional materials in the industry and academia due to their exceptional performance. The world has shown great interest. They developed an easy and scalable way to grow all these nanomaterials together and combine their properties into a single product.

The catalyst is typically deposited onto the substrate. Researchers ignore the substrate’s role in determining the final reactivity, but they have discovered that this type of catalyst is more efficient when the substrate plays a role. The researchers discovered that the porous nature of the material allowed it to access more catalyst sites located at the interface between the substrate and the material. The researchers developed a new electrochemical microscopy analysis method to determine how the interface contributed to the catalytic process and to produce the most potent catalyst. They hope their research on how the matrix influences the catalytic activities of porous material will provide the basis for rational design and guidance for future research.

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